Strength Training: An Ultimate Guide



In a world where health and fitness have become increasingly important, strength training stands out as a cornerstone of a well-rounded exercise routine. With its numerous benefits, including increased muscle strength, enhanced bone health, improved metabolism, and weight management, strength training has gained popularity among people of all ages and fitness levels.In this ultimate guide you’ll learn everything about strength training including the major benefits it can have on your health. 

Benefits of Strength Training

Following a consistent strength training program comes with tremendous benefits. The following are the key benefits to working strength training into your new active lifestyle. 

Increased Muscle Strength

Strength training, also known as resistance training, is designed to target and strengthen the muscles. By challenging your muscles through various exercises, you stimulate muscle fiber growth, leading to increased strength and endurance. This, in turn, allows you to perform daily activities with greater ease and reduces the risk of muscle imbalances and injuries.

Enhanced Bone Health

Engaging in regular strength training exercises can significantly improve bone density and reduce the risk of osteoporosis, especially in older adults. The stress placed on the bones during strength training stimulates bone remodeling, making them stronger and more resistant to fractures.

Improved Metabolism

Strength training has a positive impact on your metabolism, helping you burn more calories throughout the day. As you build lean muscle mass, your body requires more energy to maintain it, leading to an increase in resting metabolic rate. This means that even when you're not exercising, your body continues to burn calories at a higher rate.

Weight Management

Strength training plays a vital role in weight management. Not only does it help you burn calories during the workout, but it also increases your overall muscle mass. Since muscle tissue is more metabolically active than fat tissue, having more muscle leads to a higher calorie-burning potential, aiding in weight loss and weight maintenance.

Different Types of Strength Training

Bodyweight Exercises

Bodyweight exercises are a great starting point for beginners or those without access to equipment. They utilize your body weight as resistance and include exercises such as push-ups, squats, lunges, and planks. These exercises can be modified to suit your fitness level and can be done anywhere, making them highly convenient.

Resistance Training

Resistance training involves the use of external resistance, such as dumbbells, barbells, resistance bands, or weight machines. This form of training allows you to progressively overload your muscles by increasing the weight or resistance over time, leading to strength gains and muscle growth.



Powerlifting is a competitive strength sport that focuses on three main lifts: the squat, bench press, and deadlift. It requires a combination of strength, technique, and mental fortitude. While powerlifting may not be for everyone, incorporating some of its principles, such as compound lifts, into your training routine can yield significant results.

Designing a Strength Training Program

Setting Goals

Before starting any strength training program, it's important to establish clear goals. Whether you aim to build muscle, increase strength, improve overall fitness, or enhance athletic performance, having specific goals will help guide your training and track your progress.

Choosing Exercises

Selecting the right exercises is crucial for an effective strength training program. It's important to include compound exercises that target multiple muscle groups, such as squats, deadlifts, bench presses, and rows, as well as isolation exercises that focus on individual muscles. A well-rounded program should cover all major muscle groups.

Determining Sets & Repetitions

Determining the number of sets and repetitions (reps) for each exercise depends on your goals and fitness level. Generally, performing 2-4 sets of 8-12 reps is effective for muscle hypertrophy and strength gains, while higher reps with lighter weights are suitable for muscular endurance.

Tracking Progress

Tracking your progress is essential to evaluate the effectiveness of your strength training program. Keep a record of the exercises performed, the weights lifted, and the number of reps completed. Regularly reassess your performance and make adjustments to your program to ensure continued progress.

Tips for Effective Strength Training


Warm-up & Cool-down

Before diving into your strength training routine, it's crucial to warm up your muscles and prepare your body for the upcoming exercises. A dynamic warm-up involving light cardiovascular activity and dynamic stretches can increase blood flow, improve flexibility, and reduce the risk of injuries. Similarly, a cool-down routine with static stretches can help prevent muscle soreness and aid in recovery.

Proper Form & Technique

Maintaining proper form and technique during strength training exercises is paramount to maximize results and prevent injuries. Focus on performing each exercise with controlled movements, engage the target muscles, and avoid excessive momentum or compensatory movements. If you're unsure about proper form, consider working with a qualified fitness professional.

Gradual Progression

To continue making gains in strength and muscle development, it's important to progressively challenge your muscles. Gradually increase the weight, intensity, or difficulty of your exercises over time. However, be cautious not to push yourself too hard, as this can lead to overtraining or injuries. Listen to your body and give it adequate time to recover.

Rest & Recovery

Rest and recovery are essential components of any strength training program. Muscles need time to repair and rebuild after intense workouts. Incorporate rest days into your training schedule, allowing your muscles to recover and adapt. Additionally, prioritize sleep and proper nutrition to support the recovery process.

Common Misconceptions about Strength Training

Bulking Up

One common misconception is that strength training will automatically lead to bulky muscles, especially among women. However, building significant muscle mass requires specific training protocols and often involves a calorie surplus. For most individuals, strength training results in toned muscles and improved body composition without excessive bulk.

Women & Strength Training

Contrary to popular belief, strength training is highly beneficial for women. It helps enhance bone density, increase metabolism, improve posture, and develop a lean physique. Women need not fear becoming "too muscular" as their hormone levels and genetic makeup make it challenging to build substantial muscle mass without specialized training and nutrition plans.

Age & Strength Training

Strength training is suitable for individuals of all ages, including older adults. In fact, it becomes even more crucial as we age to combat muscle loss, maintain bone density, and improve functional abilities. With proper guidance and appropriate modifications, strength training can be safely incorporated into an older adult's exercise routine.


Strength training offers a multitude of benefits for individuals seeking to improve their overall fitness and well-being. Whether your goal is to increase muscle strength, enhance bone health, improve metabolism, manage weight, or simply lead an active lifestyle, incorporating strength training exercises into your routine can help you unlock your full physical potential. Remember to set clear goals, choose the right exercises, monitor your progress, and prioritize proper form and technique. With consistency and dedication, you can experience the transformative power of strength training.

Get access to Uncommon Strength’s strength training membership program today to see the benefits of strength training for yourself. 

Strength Training FAQs

Is strength training suitable for beginners?

Yes, strength training can be tailored to suit beginners. Start with bodyweight exercises and gradually progress to using weights or resistance bands as you gain strength and confidence.

How often should I engage in strength training?

Aim for at least two to three strength training sessions per week, allowing for adequate rest and recovery between workouts.

Can strength training help with weight loss?

Absolutely! Strength training helps build lean muscle mass, which increases your metabolism and promotes fat burning, aiding in weight loss.

Should I consult a fitness professional before starting a strength training program?

If you're new to strength training or have specific concerns or health conditions, consulting a fitness professional can provide valuable guidance and ensure you're performing exercises correctly and safely.

Is strength training only for young individuals?

No, strength training is beneficial for individuals of all ages. It can help older adults maintain muscle mass, improve bone density, and enhance overall functional abilities.

How soon will I see results from strength training?

This varies based on several different factors, but if you’re following a strength training program consistently paired with a high protein diet you should begin to see results within 6-12 weeks. 

Is 20 minutes of strength training enough? 

Yes. It is possible to see significant improvement in your strength even by just performing 20 minute strength training workout sessions each week. The quality and intensity of those workouts are what dictate results, not the time amount. 

Can you build muscle after 50? 

Yes. You can build muscle no matter your age. 

How long does it take to lose 20 pounds with strength training? 

This depends on many factors. But, something to keep in mind with a weight loss goal is that you’re working on building a lifestyle in fitness that allows you to remain consistent. Losing weight too quickly often relies on really rigid methods that are difficult to stick with and not the most beneficial way to lose weight. While some professionals recommend a goal of 1-2 lbs of weight loss every week, for some individuals this pace may be too quick for them to maintain and so they may need to make necessary adjustments. 

Is it OK to strength train every day? 

It’s best to build in active rest days and rest days into your program so you can properly recover in between your workouts and continue to level up your performance. Uncommon Strength programming works in 1-2 days of active rest or full rest each week to prioritize recovery. 

Will I  lose muscle if I don’t strength train on vacation? 

If you’re someone that trains regularly, then you may be less susceptible to muscle loss during a training break, let’s say a vacation. That being said, muscle loss only occurs after a few weeks during a period of total immobilization. So, if you’re going on vacation be sure to still remain active even if you’re not lifting weights. 

Can strength training help osteoporosis? 

Yes, strength training can improve bone health and help with osteoporosis. In fact, strength training is often recommended for people with osteoporosis. 

What strength training exercises are best for fat loss?

Compound movements like squats, deadlifts, pull ups, and push ups are great for fat loss and maximizing muscle gain but, there is not one “best” exercise for fat loss. The formula to fat loss is to consume fewer calories than you burn, following this formula while pairing it with a strength training routine is a great place to start. 

Can you lose belly fat with strength training? 

Let’s get this out of the way first: you cannot spot train fat. That being said, following a strength training program can promote muscle gain and the more muscle an individual has on their body the higher their metabolic rate. More muscle means higher metabolism which means more calories burned even at rest. With the key to fat loss being to burn more calories than you consume, this is good news for anyone with a fat loss goal. Just keep in mind you cannot select which places you’d like to lose it from. 

Should I do more cardio or strength training to lose weight? 

Weight training leaves your metabolism higher for longer after training than cardio does. Weight training is also better for muscle building and more muscle on the body also equates to a higher metabolic function which means more calories burned even at rest. This is crucial for any fat loss goal. 

Cardio’s main purpose is for the cardiovascular system and health, while weight training focuses on muscle building. Both cardio and strength training can help you become healthier and more fit and strong. Ultimately, the best training program is one that you both enjoy and can stick with. 

Which exercise burns the most belly fat? 

If someone recommends a single exercise to target belly fat—run the other way! First off, you can’t spot train fat. The key to any fat loss goal is to consume fewer calories than you burn. Following a strength training routine regularly can help promote muscle growth and more muscle on the body will help increase your metabolic function, meaning you’ll burn through more calories at rest. 

How to get rid of lower belly pooch fast? 

Again, you can’t spot treat belly fat. The key to a fat loss goal is to consume fewer calories than you burn at rest. Strength training is a great way to build lean muscle which will increase the rate at which your body burns through calories and ultimately get you closer to any fat loss goal you may have.